Shoulder Replacement Surgery in India and Cost

The human body has bones, tissues, muscles, and ligaments. Each part has a specific function in the body. If any part gets damaged due to injuries or becomes weak over time, issues occur. Most importantly, when muscles and bones do not work together, pain is induced in the body. Small movements, walking, cycling, and even the most minor daily activities become challenging to perform. A person cannot do normal activities with pain. Therefore, orthopedics recommends surgery to replace those parts with an artificial solution. Surgery recommended to replace the ball joint of the shoulder bone is called shoulder arthroplasty. In other words, the shoulder bone is replaced with a prosthetic in the shoulder replacement surgery. 

The humerus is a long bone joining the shoulder and upper arm of the body. The upper socket of this humerus fits into the glenoid cavity in the scapula (shoulder blade). These two bones are separated by cartilage which allows smooth movement of bones. Doctors recommend shoulder replacement surgery when this cartilage is damaged by disease. The estimated shoulder replacement surgery cost in India ranges between Rs 3 lakh to Rs 4 lakh.  This surgery is considered a last resort to restore comfortable movement to the joint. The shoulder replacement surgery cost in India should be considered, along with medication and physical therapy.

Why is it done?

Though the average shoulder replacement surgery cost in India is high for middle-class people, they prefer it rather than medications. When all medications fail, doctors are left with only the replacement option. Here are some causes on why it is done in maximum cases-

  • Osteoarthritis: It is a condition of wear and tear of the cartilage supporting the shoulder bones. It occurs with age. The cartilage wears away with time in people over 50 years of age. It leads to rubbing of two bones directly, thus inducing severe pain
  • Rotator cuff injuries: these muscles surround the shoulder joint. If the rotator cuff group of muscles gets ruptured due to any injuries, it affects the cartilage of the shoulder joint.
  • Fractures: one of the common causes is the fracture of the humerus. A severe shoulder fracture makes individuals have shoulder replacements despite the mammoth shoulder replacement surgery costs in India and elsewhere. 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This condition develops due to an overactive immune system. Here, the connective tissue in the shoulder becomes inflamed. It eventually results in damage to the cartilage and its underlying bone
  • Osteonecrosis: when the blood sufficiently does not reach the humerus bone, it results in the collapse of the bone due to starvation.

Symptoms of shoulder replacement

  • Severe shoulder pain 
  • Loss of motion in joints
  • Crepitations

Treatment procedures for shoulder replacement 

When a patient goes for joint pains to a doctor, he is first treated with non-surgical methods like medication and therapy. If the pain does not subside, an orthopedist recommends shoulder replacement surgery. Shoulder replacement surgery cost in India varies from region to region depending on the type of hospital, treatment given, and other factors. More than a thousand patients undergo shoulder arthroplasties each year in India. In any case, the common types of shoulder replacement surgeries are

  • Total shoulder replacement surgery 

Also known as traditional shoulder arthroplasty, it is the most standard shoulder replacement procedure performed for relieving shoulder pain. In this surgery, the total arthritic joint of the shoulder is replaced with a metal ball and a plastic socket prosthetics. Total replacement surgery eliminates pain. But people who want to remain very active may face issues with this surgery.

  • Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

When the rotator cuffs are entirely torn or damaged, a traditional shoulder replacement surgery cannot be done. In such situations, the implants are reversed. The ball at the humerus is replaced with a socket, which is fitted with a prosthetic ball. It changes the center of rotation and compensates for the rotator cuff movement. So, reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is done when rotator cuffs are severely damaged.

  • Partial shoulder replacement 

In this type of surgery, only the ball of the joint is replaced, and the natural socket is kept. However, the surgeon might use special tools and techniques to smooth and reshape this socket. This process is called a hemiarthroplasty or, more informally, called “ream and run.” Hemiarthroplasty facilitates better shoulder movement than the traditional ones. 


A shoulder replacement surgery might cost a bomb for middle- and lower-class people in India. But when joints are damaged due to wear and tear in old age, one has to undergo shoulder replacement surgery if they want to relieve the pain. The average shoulder replacement surgery cost in India starts from Rs. 60,000. A patient suffering from fractures, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, or rotator cuff injuries is advised to undergo a shoulder replacement surgery. According to the pain and loss of motion in joints, an orthopedic doctor may recommend a total shoulder replacement surgery, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, or partial replacement surgery. In any case, the surgery relieves pain and stress on the joints of the shoulder blade.

By Adam

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