Today, I’m going to share with you the essay memorization framework that I used when I was in my third year at Cambridge University. That was the year in which I was studying psychology and I actually ended up winning the prize for best example, Foreman’s in the yogurt, and I’ve pretty much exclusively attribute that to this is a memorization framework. This method should work for most Sav subject. But even, if your subject is an essay based, I hope you might still find this video useful and pick up a few tips and techniques on way.
I’m going to share with you the essay memorization framework that I used when I was in my third year at Cambridge University. That was the year in which I was studying psychology and I actually ended up winning the prize for best exam , performance in the year group, and I’ve pretty much exclusively attribute that to this is a memorization framework. This method should work for most essay based subject. But even if your subject is an essay based, I hope you might still find this video useful and pick up a few tips and techniques on way. So there are basically two stages to this method. The first stage is the creation stage and the second stage is the memorization stage. So in the creation stage, the objective is to create First Class essay plans for every conceivable essay title that they throw at us in the exam and in the memorization stage, we’re going to be committing all of these essay plans to memory by systematically using active recall, spaced repetition, spider diagrams and flashcards. The idea is that by the time, the exam rules around, you’ll have memorized so many essay plans and because you’ve predicted the titles and you just be able to regurgitate stuff from your brain onto the paper, but even if stuff comes up that you haven’t memorized, you’ll know so much about the subject and you’ll have so many content blocks in your head that you’ll be able to generate a first class as a from scratch. So that was a general overview. Let’s now talk about the two components, the creation stage, and the memorization stage intern. So, the broad objective of the creation stage is to create a large number of really, really good essay plans that you can then memorize in the memorization stage and regurgitate onto paperwork during your exam. Now, it’s probably beyond the scope of this video for me to teach you how to write a good essay and probably also beyond the scope of my own expertise, but I will share some tips on three main questions. And that’s firstly, how you decide, what to pick? Secondly, how you plan, and thirdly, how you make sure your essay plan is really, really good. So, let’s deal with those in turn. So firstly, how do we decide what I say is? We’re going to prepare the objective here.
That is to scope the subject and find the titles that cover the entire syllabus. Now, the easiest way to do this, is to look at past papers and look at whatever positive, you have available and see what essays, of course in the past. And you start off with those. And then once you’ve planned out those essays you will know enough about that subject in particular that you’ll be able to put yourself in the shoes of examiners and start thinking, okay. What’s a good essay title that I’ve not yet asked about if you haven’t got past papers available that I’m very sorry to hear that you’re just going to have to put yourself into the examiners shoes from the get-go or you can ask your professor what question he thinks could be asked in the exam’s.
How i prepare an essay . Topic , “Animals have a theory of mind” and then I would use Google to get as much information. As I can about, that particular question. I would ignore the lecture notes initially and I would ignore the recommended reading. I’d start off with Google because Google was, it was like a really good way to find the answer to any question that you want and often I’d be linked to review articles and review papers and I’d be reading through those review papers often times. The review paper would directly answer the question, in which case I’ve pretty much got it and then I just need to turn it into my own words. But a lot of the time I be following references from the roof, from the review paper and then one side created. I would then look at the lecture notes and the recommended reading and this meant that a lot of my material was, hopefully more original than everyone else because most of the students would have built their essays based around the lecture notes. Whereas I was building my essays on a random Google search. So I would start off by creating a research document on that particular topic and pretty much copy and paste every relevant bit of every paper I could find. So this is my 10-page document about theory of mind.
I’ve copied and pasted various bits and rephrased various bets, you know, very random. Included links to the bottom to where I got the information from. So if I need to return to it to find again and then once I’ve got my research document, I spent the next few hours planning out the essay and actually writing it out properly. So here is my plan is theory of Mind useful concept for understanding, social cognition and animals. And yeah, I’ve got an intro about Preamble. I’ve got some headings, I’ve got evidence. And I’ve basically taken all of this from these various different resources from books, from the review papers from the lecture.
Google. And I’ve Consolidated them into this one essay that I’m ultimately going to memorize. And as you can see over here, I’ve pretty much done this for everything within my subject. So this is section be comparative cognition, which little about the think I’m animals. Animal Adams plan for future causality cognitive Maps. The convergent evolution theory of intelligence to animals. Have a theory of mind is determined using concept and I’ve written and keep aside that which is a foreshadowing as to what’s going to come later in this video. So now we’ve done our research document, we plan this essay. We’ve pretty much written it out based on our research document. We’ve only given ourselves one day to do this because of Parkinson’s law that work, expands to fill the time. We allocate to it. But how do we make? That is a plan actually good. A lot of things go into good as a plan. But in my opinion, there are three things that count Number one structure. Number two, actually answering the question. And number three, having bit of flair, a bit of a spice that you’ve sprinkling in your essay plan and I think the introduction is the most important part of the essay, because in the introduction, you can signal to the examiner that you’re doing all three of these things. And one example, think of a professor is marking over and over they probably get really bored there.
And now its your turn after hundreds of these papers already. You want to hit them with like really legit introduction. So here’s an example of an introduction from one of my essays about whether judgment and decision-making is cognitive archaeological or effective Emotion . So I’ve written that, the historical view in social sciences has always been, judgments that are based solely on content information, with individuals being assumed to form, judgments by systematically evaluating all available content information in an unbiased manner. However, over the past three decades, a considerable amount of research to challenge assumption by showing that judgments may be formed. Not only on the basis of content information but also on the basis of feelings that affect your judgment. It is now well accepted that judgment can be both effective and cognitive and here’s where the good stuff comes. Whether it is one of the other depends on a multitude of factors. Number one, the salience of the effect of feelings and the to the representativeness of the effective feelings for Target. Number three, the relevance of the feelings to the Judgment number for the evaluative malleability of the judgment. And number five the level of processing intensity. And here is the ultimate friendship with this. I will discuss these in turn and ultimately argue that
Generally, speaking in day-to-day life. The circumstances are generally those that result in effective rather than cognitive judgment and decision-making. So if we can disentangle all the good paucity from that paragraph, what I’ve done is, I’ve laid out the five main bits of the essay, in terms of structure and of used numbered points for that rather than just a list. Because numbered makes it really, really obvious to The Examiner that I’ve got a good structure. I’ve also said exactly what the answer to the question is. The question is asking whether our judgments are cognitively logical or effective emotional? And Instead of wishing watching Runner. I’ve said in this essay. I will argue that they are emotional rather than cognitive in most element has a life. So I’m telling the examiner. Look, I’m answering the question. This is what you’re gonna get from me. And finally, add a little bit of flair. Hopefully, with this stuff about the historical context. I probably got that from a textbook from a review paper somewhere and I’ll probably crazed into my own notes. And obviously, if it’s just my plan. So in the exam, I won’t quite be using it word for word. So it’s absolutely not plagiarism. It’s using, you know, useful resources to create a bit of flare by adding a bit of historical context.
Hopefully this introduction covers all three coins structure, answering question and a bit of flair. Now. I’m going to leave it at that for this section of the video. Obviously, you know, there are entire university courses and in time.
Eggs and stuff devoted to the art of writing a good essay. I don’t personally think I’m very good at writing an essay. But I think I’m pretty good at using Google effectively and copying and pasting stuff into a research Word document, and then turning it into fairly legit sounding pros. And then, I think I’m pretty good at systematically memorizing all that information. So if you want to know more about how to write an essay, how I write an essay, then let me know in the comments and I’ll maybe try and do a video on it if I can break down the process a bit further. And now let’s talk about stage 2 of the process, the memorization stage.
Oh. Is to upload all of those sa plans to our brain, so that we can then regurgitate them in the exam. And we’re going to do this using three main techniques. Number one anti flashcards. Number two, spider diagrams. And number three, a retrospective revision timetable. So again, let’s talk about these in turn, so firstly and key. And I basically use donkey flashcards to memorize every paragraph in every essay plan. And this might seem a bit Overkill, but it worked for me. So what I’ve done is as you can see, I’ve got keywords on the front of the card, like Bauer 1984. Or damaged at all 2006, or LSL television of seven or short-term versus long-term memory introduction. I’ve even put the introduction into an anti flashcard. And then over time. I’ll memorize these because pretty much anything that goes into, my lanky flash cards because during the exam term, I’m going through my flash cards every single day and I’m doing and K space repetition algorithm. I just know that anything that’s in my auntie is just going to get uploaded to my brain with a small amount of effort, put in by me to actually sleep, memorize this stuff. So, yeah, I’ve got a good keywords.
The content. So basically if I’ve put, you know, a paper rustling, Fair 1987. I was describing in the Yankee flashcard, what that paper shows, which means that overall I’ve quit, I create these blocks of content that every entry flash card is going to block and that block and Slot into my essay that I’ve planned. But also if a weird sa comes up that I haven’t explicitly planned. I still have all these blocks of knowledge in my head and that means if there is a paper that’s relevant. I’ll know what it is. I’ll know what the references on over the content is on our Hanahan despite the experiment. I’ll just be able to put it into even new essays that I’m writing and the spot in the exam. So that’s all well and good. But obviously, knowing tversky and Kahneman experiment from 1974 or muscle Viola and subtract from 2000. Those things aren’t that helpful. Unless you can also associate them with their own essays, and that’s where the spider diagram style. Alright, so the second prong of the memorization stage of the SME correlation framework involve spider diagrams in. This is the book that I have made almost by diagrams in so
Having memorized a ton of content blocks from my essays using Anki flashcards. What? I’ve now done is from the 20th of April onwards. I made spider diagrams one page diagrams of every single essay. So here’s the first one about implicit versus explicit memory. We’ve done, you know, various topics of the memory, cognitive Maps, Meta, Meta, cognition. And the idea is that we’ve pretty much got the whole structure of the essay along with the keywords in the spider diagram. So this is the essay about short-term memory was a long-term memory. It starts off with an introduction then something about single system memory than something.
The two components. And if we zoom in over here, we see, I’ve written G+, C, 1966, and that actually refers to the flashcard over here where I talk about our glanzer and Kunitz 1966 and in my flash card, I’ve got the content block ground, describing the experiment. And actually, this is just like a whole paragraph. Another GNC experiment, this Angie 1972 is a glance. An opportunity to break 1970, B, and H is badly. And someone else? I think I’ve baddeley and hitch. Yeah. Even, so I have all these content blocks in Anki and I’ve just put the keywords into this pie diagram. So that what I’m creating this fight of Agra, and I write to you because I know exactly what that refers to obviously it not forgotten four years later as well. I used to know exactly what that refer to back in the day and I’ve done this for every single one of the 40 50 essays that I memorized. And the way this will work is that every day? I would just draw out various body diagrams from memory. So on the 20th of April, as we can see over here, I did implicit explicit recollection, familiarity semantic. Episodic short-term long-term memory.
The 21st and a future planning. I did theory of Mind of the theory of mind which is fulness technician for this Maps. Gosh personality jeans black and white differences in IQ intelligence in effect, explanation multiple intelligent. Well, I was plenty of very productive on the 21st of April 2015. But the point is that every single day I’d be drawing out this
Marie. And if there were any bits that I didn’t know, or that was shaky on, I would look up on my Master’s by the diagram or in my master as a planner and key and I actively work on those. So over time this ended up being like a really effective way to systematically use active recall to ensure that I and you absolutely everything. And like in the time before the exam. I was just bashing through these. So, you know, a fifth of May, we’ve done this one. We’ve done this horrible, that one another one, another one, another one, another one. I think. Yeah. This was like a battle. A week before exams. And on the 8th of May of just absolutely bashed through. And, and about just like growing up my plans for about 15 different essays. So we’ve got a Content blocks and Anki who memorized them using and key. We’ve got our kind of essay structure that using spider diagrams. We’ve memorized them using active recall. The final piece of the puzzle involves systematic spaced repetition. So, how do I decide what I was going to do each day. If you’ve seen any of my revision videos, you might have come across the idea of the retrospective revision. Timetable. And that was what I used. I’ve made a whole video on this. I’m not going to talk about it in depth.
Basically, actually, I’m gonna show you, here we go. This was my retrospect revision. Timetable. So it’s split up into section a section, being section c. So let’s see implicit versus explicit memory off. Here we go. This actually works. So on the 20th of April, I studied implicit versus explicit memory. So I’ve marked down the date as the 20th of April and then I’ve marked down through the various things that isn’t 20th of April. And then I think on the 21st and it’s a make B, and C up. So you can see on the 21st of April. When I actually recalled these as a Clans over here, wherever they are. ER, I’ve mocked them in the retrospective sheet. And then the idea is that the next time I do them, I am marking the day for that and then I’m color coding. It and red. Yellow, green, whatever, depending on how well I knew, at the time. So, I’ve been doing, I’ve done this. All the essays that I memorized and I’ve done it for all of my subjects within psychology. So there’s much more detail in the video specifically, by the retrospective revision timetable where I explain exactly how it works, how I’d recommend using it. And why I think it’s better than a standard Prospect of rouge timetable. But yeah, that is the third prong of the memorization stage of the essence.
So that was an overview of the essay memorization framework that I use to systematically memorized about 45 to 50 different as a plan. Using a mixture of active recall, space repetitions flashcards and spider diagrams. And that ended up going quite well for me in the actual exam. I think about two-thirds of the essay titled out of the pink 12s. As we had to write think eight of them were essays that were part of my block of 50 your life. I don’t I’d already planned them. So it was a pretty pretty easy enough to just regurgitating.
I already knew until you pay for those. Mmm, but then about the third of them, about four of the essays. One knew they’d never been asked before I hadn’t predicted them. But because I knew so much about these subjects like, you know, at the time if you’d ask me any question at all about, you know, animal psychology, or if you’d ask me any question at all about IQ, or intelligence or personality, or short-term memory long-term memory, or I don’t know. Judgment decision-making. I knew so much about those subjects based on memorizing. All these essays that it was pretty straightforward to An essay from scratch in about 10 minutes in the exams are just so I would just plan it out using the spider diagram and then regurgitate user using my own content blocks from my lanky flash cards, but also, just being able to write whatever I wanted because I did the subject so well, so the method ended up working really well for me. Me and another student. We want the joint Award for best example, formance a little email, my supervisor. And he actually said that she beat me by a few, like, you know, decimals of percentage point, but because the two of us were so far ahead of everyone else, they decided very kindly to join people. The price of as a compliment technically, I think about that. Anyway, I hope you found this video useful and take something away from it. This method worked really, really well for me and I kind of wish I’d been more systematic about my Revision in this way, in subsequent years, but after peaking in third year, I decided that I wanted to do other things. Ended up kind of reverting to inefficient habits, like reading and highlighting and stuff in my fourth fifth and sixth year, but still, you know,
Having the stuff in the back of my mind meant that I was able to use my retrospective revision. Timetable to efficiently, get pretty reasonable mods in the exams. While also sustaining aside career running a business and putting a YouTube channel, which I don’t think I’d have been able to do if I hadn’t been efficient with my studying and which is why you know, all these tips, you know, it’s useful to use efficient study tips because a if you want you can put in loads of time and get really, really good marks, but if you want to do all the stuff on the side, it means you have the time to do all the stuff inside, so that would be. So thank you so much for watching. I really hope you got something useful out of this video. If you have any Questions, please. Feel free to leave a comment down below, and I will reply to the comments, but I’ll also put a link in the description to a page about this thing on my website where I will put all of the commonly gasps.
Alice’s, it’ll be able to expand more depth. So if you do have specific questions about this method, having a be easier to read the answers, they’re directly rather than falling through the I don’t know. People going to tell me for pleasing and click-bait titles. Yeah. Anyway, I hope you found this useful. If you liked it. Please give it a thumbs up. If you liked it. For me in Instagram. I post photos and videos and stuff behind the scenes of how having these videos and what life is of a doctor in UK is like, my brother and I have also recently started a new podcast. It’s good. Not overthinking. And that’s where we hope to think about to fix a daily life. Like, happiness, creativity and The Human Condition. That’s the timeline. You can find that, not overthinking.com and again, subscribe the channel, then consider doing. So I make videos about life as a doctor, but also about studying like this and also about tech reviews of productivity and a bit music here and there. So, thanks so much for your time. Have a good night, and I’ll see you later.