A very important technique that gained impetus in the modern era of English Literature, stream of consciousness is a term that was coined by William Jones in his ‘Principles of Psychology’, to describe the unbroken flow of memories, perceptions, feelings and thoughts that arise in the waking mind. 

After this coinage of the term, it has been employed in various narrative fictions written in the modern era. The modern era was preparing itself to face the deadliest of the wars ever fought in the history of a nation. 


The human mind had been terribly disturbed by the dismantling world around, thus human psychology was one such thing that was focused on by the writers of the era. There have been a number of research paper writing done on the topic and still more are being done. 


Few of them state that as early as 1888, a minor French writer, Edouard Dujardin, wrote his short novel Les Lauriers sont coupès (The Laurels have been Cut), 


which takes into hand the representation of a story solely as they impinge upon the consciousness of the central character. Later on, the style was adapted by many modernists like Henry James, William James, Samuel Richardson, Virginia Woolf and others. 


All these points sum up to hinting at the importance of the topic especially in the research paper works as well as assignments of literature students. Therefore, there are chances that students may need assignment help with the same. 

The steam of consciousness technique contains long passages of introspection, wherein the narrator gives an in-depth detail of what passes through the character’s mind at that particular instance. 


The Portrait of Lady by Henry James contains a long chapter that entirely focuses on the narrator’s detailed description of the sustained process of the memories, thoughts and varying feelings of Isabel. 

After the 1920s, the technique got refined and was used to refer to a mode of narration that undertakes the task of reproducing full spectrum as well as continuous flow of the mental process of a character. 


In this process, we see an intermingling of the sense perceptions with conscious as well as half-conscious memories, feelings, expectations as well as random associations.

Some critics have used the term ‘interior monologue’ interchangeably with the stream of consciousness. However, the latter one is used greatly and is advised to be used as an inclusive term, 

that denotes all the diverse means employed by the authors to communicate the total state of consciousness in a character. 


Therefore, the former is used for those species of stream of consciousness which takes the task of presenting to the readers, the rhythm and course if consciousness precisely as it occurs in a character’s mind. 


In case of interior monologue, the writer does not intervene, or at any rate, intervenes minimally as a commentator or a describer guide and does not attempt to tidy the vagaries of the mental processes into grammatical sentences or into a coherent pr logical manner. 


Therefore, the interior monologue, in its radical form, is sometimes described as the exact presentation of the state of mind of a character. But because the sense perceptions, feelings, mental images and other aspects of thought itself are non-verbal, it is clear that the writer himself can present these elements only by converting all of them into some sort of verbal equivalent. 


As a matter of fact, much of this conversion is a matter of narrative conventions rather than of unedited, point by point reproduction. Each and every author puts his or her own thoughts and presence into these interior monologues, that are attributed to characters in the narrative.

One of the most prominent modern writer James Joyce, developed a variety of devices for stream of consciousness narrative in his Ulysses, written in 1922. 

Similarly, Dorothy Richardson uses the stream of consciousness mode of narrative focusing exclusively on the mind as well as perceptions of her heroine, throughout the twelve volumes of her famous novel Pilgrimage. 


The most prominent person to use this technique was Virginia Woolf, who employed it so beautifully in her Mrs. Dalloway that it gave a new break to the technique. She employs the procedure as a prominent narrative mode in several of her novels including To the Lighthouse, 


Mrs. Dalloway and others. The first three of the total four parts of The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner, see the in-depth exploitation of the technique. 

James Joyce once again came up with an extensive use of this technique in his famous novel Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man. 

Therefore, as concluded by various research paper writings, stream of consciousness technique, tries to make the plot move in such a way that all is represented through the thought process of an individual. 


As a matter of fact, even the other characters are described through the thought process of the same character, who is usually the protagonist. The same technique made these novels a difficult part of the literary world. 


The human mind is a complex structure that goes through a series of thoughts and when this very mind is focused on by the writers, it makes the piece of work complex one to read. Mrs. Dalloway is an apt example of this. 

The whole number is a narration of a series of events that occur in a span of one single day. 


Yet there are so many fluctuations in the mind of the protagonist that one moves form past to present and then to past and the chain goes on till the writer narrates about the entire plot as well as describes all the characters. Therefore, that is how the novel gets its structure. 

Stream of consciousness is a technique that steadily developed in a short span of time. The various practitioners of this novel gave a new technique to this world of literature. 

The points elaborated above on the stream of consciousness technique are sufficient enough to offer assignment help to students. 

By Adam

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