Material and preparation
What you need:
- existing craft project or just white nitrogen
- Embroidery needle
- Embroidery hoop
- possibly embroidery patterns
For beginners, it is advisable to get basic equipment. Usually different colored threads, an embroidery needle, an embroidery frame and, if necessary, a “countable” fabric – also called “Aida fabric”, is sufficient. This means materials in which the individual threads can be counted: These fabrics are necessary, for example, for projects with a cross, kilim, or tapestry stitches.
In principle, all other stitches can also be used on materials without countable threads. As a beginner, however, you should have a good eye or draw the motif as precisely as possible on the fabric.
Beginning and end of the thread
Where a knot was previously made in the embroidery thread to protect the thread from slipping out, today there is a tendency to pierce through the fabric from behind, leaving about 5 cm of the thread on the back. Hold this piece for the first stitch with one hand, then continue as normal. We do the same at the end of the thread – a small residue is pulled backward.
Both ends of the thread are finally picked up again with the needle and threaded through some existing stitches on the back of the work so that the thread does not dangle loosely and the stitches cannot come loose.
This avoids too many unevenness on the back and creates a nice picture when the work is turned.
For many sewing projects with simple fabrics, an embroidery frame is a great help: the surface tension of the fabric allows you to work more precisely and quickly. In order to place the fabric in the embroidery frame, it must first be divided into two components. Then the fabric is placed over the inner, smaller frame. With the larger frame, press the fabric from above and screw the frame as tightly as possible so that the material can no longer slip.
Learn embroidery stitches
Commercially available embroidery thread must be divided beforehand for all stitches. Usually, such a strand consists of six threads. For almost all stitches, I usually use two of these threads for embroidery. I only embroider the tapestry and kilim stitches with three or four threads so that the stitch appears “fuller”.
The cross stitch is probably one of the most popular and well-known stitches. Here you need “countable” fabrics, ie products in which the threads are visible and divisible. The boxes should always be the same size so that the stitches provide a homogeneous embroidery image. For the cross-stitch, stitch forward from the back and again diagonally across the box into the top right corner. Then the needle is guided into the lower right corner and brought to the front.
Then pierce the upper left corner and the cross stitch is done.
Since you usually cross-stitch several boxes in embroidery work, it is advisable to first embroider a row with the “half” cross-stitch, and then embroider the second half back. Constant movements make this a little easier and save time.
For a diagonal course of the cross-stitch, stitch from the corner again into the next box in the top right until a diagonal line is created. On the way back, stitch the second half of the stitch again.
The backstitch is a great way to beautifully stitch straight lines. First, we poke through the fabric from the back to the front. Then we poke horizontally into the next box and leave a gap until the next hole. Now the backstitch can begin: you pierce the previous box to connect to the line and again leave a gap for the next backstitch.