BONE MARROW TRANSPLANT

Engraftment is a procedure where the donor cells received from the transplant begin to multiply and create healthy cells. The best bone marrow specialist in India closely monitors the engraftment stage since it indicates whether or not the transplant was successful. The process may take up to a month to finish effectively. When there is a significant increase in the white blood cells, doctors can conclude that the engraftment has been completed.

A bone marrow transplant typically takes three months for a patient to make a partial recovery. However, it may take a whole year to achieve full recovery. Several factors determine the healing period. Some of them include compatibility of the donor, ailment for which the treatment was initiated, radiation, chemotherapy, transplant site, etc.

Nutrition and Diet After the Transplant

A healthy lifestyle is beneficial for everyone. Maintaining an ideal body weight with a good diet and regular exercise is crucial for the patient’s fast recovery. In case of comorbidities such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc., extra care must be taken; otherwise, recovery may take longer than expected.

Radiation and chemotherapy can cause adverse effects in patients. In case of nausea or other issues post bone marrow transplant, a bone marrow specialist in India can provide proper treatment and diet options.

Multivitamins

After the bone marrow transplant, it is advisable to take multivitamins daily. You can take children’s chewable multivitamins twice a day, says the bone marrow specialist in India. However, excessive amounts of some vitamins and minerals may be harmful. It’s imperative to consult a doctor before taking extra medication. Also, choose vitamins that don’t include iron or herbs as iron overload increases the risk of infections.

Fruits: 

Whether you’re sick or not, fruits are a must-have for everyone. Bone marrow transplant recipients must fulfil their nutrient needs through proper food choices. Potassium-rich fruits like avocados, bananas, sweet potatoes, beets, and dates are recommended by the bone marrow specialist in India as the best to eat since they aid the body’s protein production, strengthening the bones.

Vegetables: 

Tomatoes, spinach, pumpkin, potato, and dried beans are among the potassium-rich foods that should be consumed daily. Some doctors prescribe drugs for potassium, but it’s much better to get it from natural sources.

Meat: 

It is unquestionably fantastic news for meat-loving patients. Meat is high in magnesium, another component the body needs after a bone marrow transplant. 

Dairy products: 

Calcium is essential because it strengthens the bones. Some calcium-rich dairy items are milk (skimmed, low fat, whole), cottage cheese, yoghurt, pudding, and cream soup.

Vitamin D: 

It helps in fast recovery. Though there aren’t many foods rich in vitamin D, they can be included in the diet by adding vitamin sachets to soy milk, milk, orange juice, and cereals.

According to the bone marrow specialist in India, if you have a weak immune system, you should avoid:

  • unpasteurized raw milk,
  •  raw or undercooked eggs, 
  • cheese made from unpasteurized raw milk, 
  • raw or undercooked meats.

Alcohol: 

Due to the effects of high-dose chemotherapy, graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), or medication metabolism, the patient may have impaired liver function after a bone marrow transplant. Avoid any alcoholic beverages since the liver metabolizes alcohol. In addition, alcohol causes malnutrition by damaging the stomach lining, resulting in nutrient loss and excretion. Consult the best bone marrow specialist before consuming beer, wine, or other alcoholic beverages.

Exercise: 

You will probably need some time to regain strength. But it is recommended to stick to a regular light workout routine. Start with simple workouts when you first begin exercising. A therapist can assist you in determining the best set of exercises. 

Wait until your platelet count is over 100,000 before engaging in contact sports or skiing. Also, consult a doctor before increasing your activities.

Have an emotional support system: 

Bone marrow transplants have physical consequences, but they also have emotional consequences. So, keep your loved ones close to you so that they can assist you in recovering faster. Also, you can ask any bone marrow specialist in Indiato notify local or online support organizations. It can further develop a deeper understanding of those who have gone through or are going through similar experiences.

Summary:

A bone marrow transplant is a rigorous medical surgery that necessitates intensive care. 

The time it takes for the body to recover from a transplant depends on several factors, including the person’s age, overall health, and the purpose of the transplant. A healthy diet and regular exercise can help the patient recover faster.

By Adam

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