Chemotherapy is an aggressive type of chemical medicinal treatment designed to kill the body’s rapidly proliferating cells. Since cancer cells grow and divide more quickly than other cells, it is typically utilized to treat cancer.


Additionally, chemotherapy is used to get you ready for additional treatments. It might be used to make a tumor smaller so that it can be surgically removed or to get you ready for radiation treatment.


Chemotherapy may ease discomfort in cancer patients with advanced stages of the disease.


Chemotherapy can be used to treat immune system problems, bone marrow diseases, and cancer. It can also be used to prepare patients with bone marrow diseases for a bone marrow stem cell treatment.


Getting chemotherapy is much cheaper than other cancer treatments, the chemotherapy cost in India ranges between USD 55 to USD 800 per single session in India. India is the cheapest in terms of cancer treatment.


How Does chemotherapy work?

It targets cells that multiply quickly, such as cancer cells. Chemotherapy can spread throughout your body, in contrast to radiation or surgery, which focus on particular regions. However, it can also impact some rapidly expanding healthy cells, including those in the bone marrow, skin, hair, and intestines. Some of the treatment’s side effects are brought on by this.


What is the role of chemotherapy in cancer treatment?


It is dependent upon the type of cancer you have and its stage.


  • Cure: Treatment in rare situations can eradicate cancer cells to the point that your doctor is unable to find them in your body. The ideal situation after that is for them to never grow back, although that doesn’t always happen.


  • Control: In certain circumstances, the only thing it can do is prevent cancer from spreading to other organs or halt the growth of cancerous tumors.


  • Reduce pain: Chemotherapy is sometimes used to reduce tumors that cause discomfort or pressure but cannot cure or stop the progression of cancer. These tumors frequently keep returning.


Side effects of Chemotherapy


Chemotherapy is intended to kill rapidly dividing cells. Other cells in your body also divide quickly, although cancer cells are the kind that do. Chemotherapy may have negative effects on the cells in the following tissues:

  • skin
  • walls of your intestines
  • blood
  • hair

As a result, the following are some chemotherapy adverse effects:

  • profuse bleeding
  • indigestion
  • dry mouth
  • mouth sores
  • exhaustion
  • fever
  • hair loss
  • reduced appetite
  • nausea
  • vomiting

How is chemotherapy used?


It occasionally treats cancer on its own, but it’s most frequently used in conjunction with:


  1. Surgery

A doctor removes malignant organs, tissue, tumors, or tumor-bearing tumors.


  1. Radiation Therapy

Invisible radioactive particles are used in radiation therapy by a physician to destroy cancer cells. By placing radioactive material on, near, or even inside your body, it can be given by a specialized device that bombards certain areas of your body from the outside.


  1. Biological therapy

Cancer cells are killed through the controlled introduction of living material in the form of bacteria, vaccinations, or antibodies.


How is chemotherapy performed?


Typically, chemotherapy is administered orally, intravenously, or via an injection. Chemotherapy can be given in a variety of various ways in addition to these two kinds.


Options for administering chemotherapy include the following:


  1. Depending on where the tumor is, chemotherapy can be administered straight into the tumor. Your doctor may implant slow-dissolving discs that gradually release drugs if you have surgery to remove the tumor.


  1. Chemotherapy creams can be used to treat some types of skin cancer.


  1. Chemotherapy can be administered locally to a particular area of the body, such as the abdomen, chest, central nervous system, or bladder through the urethra.


  1. Some chemotherapy treatments can be given orally as pills.


  1. One-shot liquid chemotherapy treatments are also an option, as is installing a port that requires a needle for each treatment. The first visit of the infusion method using a port merely results in pain at the injection site, however depending on your level of activity, the port needle may become loose.


How does it feel to take chemotherapy?


There is no way to be certain. It depends on your general health, the type and stage of the cancer you have, the quantity and type of chemotherapy medications used, and your overall health. Your genes might also be involved.


After chemotherapy, it’s typical to feel unwell or extremely exhausted. Getting someone to drive you back and forth from treatment will help you be prepared for this.


Resting the day before and the day after treatment should also be planned. If required, getting assistance with meals and childcare at this time may be beneficial. Some of the most serious side effects of chemotherapy may be more easily managed with the aid of your doctor.

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