Knee pain is a common problem faced by almost all after reaching a certain age. Knee pain can cause an injury that might be internal or external, torn cartilage, or a ruptured ligament. Some medical conditions like arthritis, gout, and infections can also be reasons for knee pain.
Minor knee pain can be cured by self-care measures or general physical therapy. But in case of acute pain, one might have to undergo a surgical repair. However, you can search ‘best ortho doctor near me’ online in need.
Symptoms Of Knee Pain
The severity of the knee pain depends on the cause and the location of the injury. It may vary from one person to another. Some symptoms of knee pain are as follows:
- Swelling and stiffness
- Redness and warmth to touch
- Weakness or instability
- Popping or crunching noises
- Inability to fully straighten the knee
These symptoms are not specific to one person. It may differ from one person to another depending upon the cause of injury and its exact location.
When To Consult a Doctor
The patient should seek immediate medical attention when they experience the following:
- Can’t bear weight on the knee or develop a feeling of unstable knee
- Have marked knee swelling
- Inability to fully extend or straighten the knee
- Observing obvious deformity in the knee or the leg
- Severe knee pain associated with an injury
- Having fever in addition to redness and swelling in the knee
If the patient experiences these problems mentioned above, they can search for ‘best ortho doctor near me’ on the internet and seek medical care as early as possible for having a better lifestyle.
Causes For Knee Pain
There can be multiple reasons that may contribute to knee pain. It can be caused by any external or internal injury, mechanical problems, types of arthritis, etc.
Some main causes for knee pain are as follows:
1. Overuse of Kneecap
The pain located around the kneecap can happen due to overuse of the kneecap or possibly taking an overload during an activity. It can also happen if the patient runs longer than usual or uses a stair climber for exercise. This pain can easily be treated with physical exercises, applying heat or ice, modifying activities, and stretching.
If the pain persists, the patient should check with their orthopaedist.
2. Arthritic changes
Arthritic changes are likely to irritate the patients. It happens because of softening of bones. The bones become slightly soft or lose their normal hard surface, leading to the noises that the patient might hear while flexing. It affects the knee while laying it straight or flexing it.
These noises from the knee can be cured by Arthroscopic surgery. For best results, it is recommended to lose weight, make regular activity changes, stretch, and perform other feasible exercises.
3. Injured ACL
An ACL injury is a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament. It is one of those four ligaments which connect the shinbone to the thigh bone. Such injuries are commonly seen in basketball players, soccer players and people related to other sports, which require a sudden change in direction.
4. Torn Meniscus
Tough, rubbery cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between the shinbone and thigh bone is the meniscus. It may get ruptured or torn if the patient suddenly twists their knee while bearing weight on top of it. It can be a major cause of severe knee pain.
The patient might experience fractured bone in the knee or the kneecap during falls or auto accidents. Patients whose bones are already weak because of Osteoporosis may end up fracturing their bone just by stepping wrong.
6. Broken piece of bone or cartilage
A piece of bone or cartilage can break off and float in joint spaces because of injury or degeneration of a bone. This does not cause any major problem until the loose body intervenes with the knee joint movement. It may seem like a pencil caught in a door hinge.
7. Iliotibial Band Syndrome
When the iliotibial band and the band of tissue that extends from the hip become very tight, they tend to rub against the outer portion of the thigh bone.
When this happens, iliotibial band syndrome occurs. Distance runners and cyclists are generally prone to iliotibial band syndrome.
The Bottom Line
There is no particular age when a patient suffers from knee pain. This pain can be because of multiple reasons and depends on the location and severity of the injury.
The causes of knee pain vary from person to person. In case of adverse effects on the knee, the patient must seek immediate attention. If the patient is unable to locate a good Orthopaedist, they can google the best ortho doctor near me and consult the same.